Our experts at DSR Tax Claims know how hard it is to find good, quality information about HMRC’s National Insurance regulations that is easy to understand, and that’s why we have created these handy guides to tell you everything you need to know. Our aim is to make life easier for our clients and that is why we want to share our expertise with you. You can also call our friendly team on 0330 122 9972 – we’re the tax experts you can trust.
What is Class 2 National Insurance?
Class 2 National Insurance contributions are made by self-employed people, once they earn above a certain threshold, so that they are able to qualify for certain benefits such as the State Pension. Most self-employed people will pay their National Insurance contributions through their Self Assessment tax return. However, there are certain categories of people who don’t pay through Self Assessment, such as:
Examiners, invigilators, moderators or anyone else employed in setting examination questions.
People who run a business involving property or land.
Religious ministers, who don’t receive a salary or stipend.
Someone who is living abroad and is paying Class 2 National Insurance contributions voluntarily so as not to lose access to certain state benefits on their return to the UK.
Someone who makes investments but isn’t running a related business and doesn’t receive a fee or commission for making the investments.
A non-UK resident who is self-employed in the UK.
Someone who is currently working abroad.
If you come under one of these categories, HMRC will send you a bill, usually by the end of October. If you are expecting one and don’t receive one, give HMRC a call on 0300 200 3500 (textphone: 0300 200 3519). HMRC are hot on issuing penalties if you miss payment deadlines so make sure you keep on top of your HMRC dealings, so you don’t end up paying extra.
Your payment needs to reach HMRC by the deadline so make sure you allow enough time for the payment to reach HMRC – this will depend on the payment method you use.
Same or next working day: online or telephone banking (using the Faster Payments option); CHAPS; at your bank or building society or at the Post Office.
Within 3 working days: Bacs or by cheque through the post.
Within 21 working days: by direct debit if you don’t already have one set up.
If the payment date happens to be a weekend or bank holiday, your payment needs to reach HMRC on the last working day before then, unless you are using Faster Payments as these are credited to your account in real time.
If you miss your deadline, you may end up having to pay more to fill in any gaps in your National Insurance record but HMRC will inform you if that is the case and they will tell you what you need to pay.
What are the bank details for Class 2 National Insurance payments?
If you are paying from the UK, using online or telephone banking, CHAPS or Bacs, you need to use the following HMRC bank details to make your payment:
08 32 20
You will need to use the 18-digit reference number shown on the payment request from HMRC as your reference number – make sure you don’t leave any spaces between the digits as it is really important that your payment gets credited to the correct account (i.e yours). If you use the wrong number, your payment will be delayed while HMRC investigate where it is supposed to go and that could lead to you receiving a penalty.
If you use Faster Payments (either by online or telephone banking), your payment will reach HMRC either on that same day or the next day (including bank holidays and weekends). If you use CHAPS, it will reach HMRC on the same working day as long as you made the payment during your bank’s usual processing hours. Bacs payments will take 3 working days.
HMRC recommend that you check your banks processing times and transaction limits (that is, the amount of money you are allowed to send at any one time) before making your payment.
If you are making a payment from overseas, the HMRC account you use depends on whether you use a UK or non-UK account. The details are as follows:
20 20 48
If it is a non-UK account, use the following HMRC account details:
Account Number (IBAN)
Bank Identifier Code (BIC)
The account name for both of these accounts is ‘GBS Re NICO Receipts HMRC.
If you are paying from an overseas account, the payment reference number is your National Insurance number, followed by ‘IC’, followed by your surname then your initial. So, for example, if your name is Fred Bloggs, you would write the reference as QQ123456AICBLOGGSF.
If you are an employer paying for an overseas employee, you would use your 13-character employer number.
The banking address for HMRC is:
1 Churchill Place
How do you pay at your bank or building society?
You can pay at a bank or building society branch as long as you have your HMRC payslip – this will be on the payment request from HMRC. Without this payslip, you can’t pay by this method.
You can pay by cash or cheque at a bank or building society. If you are paying by cheque, you need to make the payable to ‘HM Revenue and Customs only’ and follow this with your Class 2 National Insurance reference number. Again, this will be on the payslip or payment request that HMRC send to you.
If you pay between Monday and Friday, HMRC will accept the date of payment as the day you actually make the payment rather than the day it reaches HMRC’s account.
Can you pay at the post office?
HMRC are withdrawing the facility to pay them at a Post Office from 15th December 2017 – after this date, you will have to find another method of paying your National Insurance bill (as well as your Self Assessment bill if that applies to you).
How do you pay by cheque through the post?
You can still send a cheque to HMRC through the post although you must remember to include your HMRC payslip with your cheque. Your payslip will be with the payment request from HMRC.
You need to make your cheque payable to ‘HM Revenue and Customs only’ followed by your Class 2 National Insurance reference number, which is also shown on your payslip.
Your cheque and payslip shouldn’t be folded together or fastened with a paperclip or stapler.
Your cheque and payslip should be sent to:
HM Revenue and Customs
National Insurance Contributions and Employer Office
Benton Park View
Newcastle upon Tyne
Make sure you allow 3 working days for your payment to reach HMRC – if you don’t leave enough time, it may arrive late. If you want a receipt, make sure you include a note asking for one because HMRC don’t automatically send payment receipts unless requested to do so.
If you don’t have a payslip for some reason, you can still pay by cheque as long as you include a note which includes the following details:
Your name, address and telephone number
Your Class 2 National Insurance reference number (or National Insurance number if you don’t have a reference number)
How much you are paying.
How do you pay by Direct Debit?
You need to set up a Direct Debit with HMRC before you are able to use this as a payment method and this takes up to 21 working days if this is the first time you have used this as a payment method for HMRC. To start this process, you need to fill in form CA5601, which is an application to pay your Class 2 National Insurance contributions by Direct Debit. You can only use this form if you live in the UK.
If you live abroad and are paying your Class 2 National Insurance contributions on a voluntary basis, you need to fill in the Direct Debit form at the end of HMRC Leaflet NI38 instead of the form already mentioned.
Before they take the first payment, HMRC will write to you to confirm that your Direct Debit has been set up. The payments will appear on your bank statement as ‘HMRC NI-DD’.
How can DSR Tax Claims help?
We know that making payments to HMRC can be a complicated affair, even with our helpful guide to tell you everything you might need to know. It’s all very well reading about it and knowing what HMRC’s stand on it is – but how do you apply that to your own circumstances? It can seem like an absolute minefield but help is always available and you don’t need to battle through this alone. Our team of experts at DSR Tax Claims are always on hand to help our clients and our excellent standing with HMRC means that we can make sure you don’t fall foul of their regulations, while claiming your maximum tax relief. We can even take care of all that paperwork and deal with HMRC on your behalf too. Call our friendly team on 0330 122 9972 – we’re the tax experts you can trust.
This page was last updated on 25/10/2018.